Scientists develop model to predict drug levels in rivers
Scientists at Radboud University and the University of York have developed a sophisticated model to calculate the levels of pharmaceuticals in rivers across Europe.
While monitoring data does exist for pharmaceuticals in rivers around the world, for many countries there is limited or no data.
Monitoring all of the pharmaceuticals we use in all rivers is extremely challenging, but the team at York say the new model could help to fill the data gaps.
The model will give scientists and drug manufacturers the ability to estimate the concentrations of pharmaceutical in Europe’s rivers. In the future, it could be expanded to other regions of the world.
Known as ePiE (exposure to Pharmaceuticals in the Environment), the model uses prescription data to estimate the levels of drugs in the continent’s waterways, taking into account population, climate, river flow and geochemical factors.
The model has already been used in a pilot study to estimate levels of a selection of pharmaceuticals in the Ouse basin in the UK, and has identified three drugs (an antidepressant, antihistamine and painkiller) that could potentially be impacting on fish due to their high concentrations.
Professor Alistair Boxall from the University’s Department of Environment and Geography, who co-authored the paper, said: “This model will allow us to identify which pharmaceuticals are potentially posing the most risk to the environment across Europe and the areas in Europe most at risk.
“To experimentally monitor pharmaceuticals, you have to physically take a sample from a river and then analyse the sample using sensitive instrumentation. This is expensive and time-consuming and, practically, it would be a mammoth task to sample every river system in Europe.
“This new model allows us to quickly determine the levels of pharmaceuticals across Europe at a very fine spatial resolution. It will allow us to much better characterise the risks that pharmaceuticals pose to river systems across Europe and help us to focus mitigation efforts to reduce risks.
“There are similar models that have been developed for the catchment and country level, but ePiE allows us to understand environmental exposure for the whole of Europe.”
The study is published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.
- Water sector measures highlighted in Environment Bill The government has unveiled a raft of new policies in its Environment Bill, with Ofwat and the Environment Agency set to... Read More >
- Anglian teams up with Riverfly on wildlife monitoring Anglian Water is teaming up with the Riverfly Partnership, as part of the Cam and Ely Ouse catchment partnership (CamEO),... Read More >
- Irish Water gets planning permission for Arklow WwTP Irish Water has secured planning permission for the Arklow Wastewater Treatment Plant in in County Wicklow. Read More >
- Targeting borehole bacteria with a simple test Mike Deed, managing director of Geoquip Water Solutions, says when tackling contamination in boreholes, it is essential to... Read More >
- Electrochlorination: The safer alternative Ian Murphy, capital liaison manager, at Dŵr Cymru Welsh Water, discusses the electrochlorination project with James... Read More >
- Making smart water smarter As water increasingly becomes one of the world's most precious resources, ATi's new Technical Performance and Data Analyst,... Read More >
- Reaching net carbon zero In summer 2019, the water industry committed to reach net carbon zero by 2030. This is a very ambitious aim and... Read More >
- Rewarding excellence WWT content director Alec Peachey looks ahead to next year's Water Industry Awards. Read More >