Scientists develop model to predict drug levels in rivers
Scientists at Radboud University and the University of York have developed a sophisticated model to calculate the levels of pharmaceuticals in rivers across Europe.
While monitoring data does exist for pharmaceuticals in rivers around the world, for many countries there is limited or no data.
Monitoring all of the pharmaceuticals we use in all rivers is extremely challenging, but the team at York say the new model could help to fill the data gaps.
The model will give scientists and drug manufacturers the ability to estimate the concentrations of pharmaceutical in Europe’s rivers. In the future, it could be expanded to other regions of the world.
Known as ePiE (exposure to Pharmaceuticals in the Environment), the model uses prescription data to estimate the levels of drugs in the continent’s waterways, taking into account population, climate, river flow and geochemical factors.
The model has already been used in a pilot study to estimate levels of a selection of pharmaceuticals in the Ouse basin in the UK, and has identified three drugs (an antidepressant, antihistamine and painkiller) that could potentially be impacting on fish due to their high concentrations.
Professor Alistair Boxall from the University’s Department of Environment and Geography, who co-authored the paper, said: “This model will allow us to identify which pharmaceuticals are potentially posing the most risk to the environment across Europe and the areas in Europe most at risk.
“To experimentally monitor pharmaceuticals, you have to physically take a sample from a river and then analyse the sample using sensitive instrumentation. This is expensive and time-consuming and, practically, it would be a mammoth task to sample every river system in Europe.
“This new model allows us to quickly determine the levels of pharmaceuticals across Europe at a very fine spatial resolution. It will allow us to much better characterise the risks that pharmaceuticals pose to river systems across Europe and help us to focus mitigation efforts to reduce risks.
“There are similar models that have been developed for the catchment and country level, but ePiE allows us to understand environmental exposure for the whole of Europe.”
The study is published in the journal Environmental Science & Technology.
- Self-cleaning screen helps protect eels on River Wandle SES Water has installed a new type of self-cleaning protective screen near Goat Bridge abstraction point on the River... Read More >
- Lake District stream un-straightened in concrete project Pre-cast concrete panels were used in an unusual project to carry out the ‘re- meandering' of a historically straightened... Read More >
- Wastewater treatment trial shows promising results A new technology which aims to revolutionise the way wastewater can be processed has delivered promising results at an... Read More >
- Refining water quality management As part of our Utility of the Future campaign, Nadine Buddoo looks at why maintaining water quality is a fundamental... Read More >
- Shifting the dial on drinking water challenges Ahead of WWT Drinking Water Quality Conference, Anglian Water's director of water services, Paul Valleley, provides the... Read More >
- Over-pressurisation: A serious risk for lime storage silos Hycontrol managing director Nigel Allen warns that many lime storage silos are disasters waiting to happen, and steps need... Read More >
- Why valve checks are an essential part of summer maintenance Fraser Higgins, Durapipe UK industrial product manager, explains why valves should not be overlooked as part of the summer... Read More >
- Case Study: Pumping up quality at Burnham Jetty A year's worth of planning, seamless collaboration and technical expertise were crucial to the success of a complex... Read More >