Autoclaving to pre-treat sewage creates more methane
Pre-treating sewage sludge in an autoclave can generate 47% more methane, new research by Dr Zhengjian Wang and Dr Nigel Baily at AeroThermal Group has revealed.
The research, Effect of Autoclaving on Anaerobic Biodegradation of Sewage Sludge, has stemmed from three batches of sewage sludge cakes from three different sources being separately treated by autoclaving at 160°C for 45 minutes at Aerothermal's Poole facility. A biochemical methane potential (BMP) test was carried out on both autoclaved and un-autoclaved sewage sludge samples.
A semi-continuous anaerobic digestion experiment was also conducted on both autoclaved and un-autoclaved sewage sludge samples using organic loading rates of 5kg VS/m³/day with a hydraulic retention time of 15 days. Stable conditions for digesters treating the autoclaved and the un-autoclaved sludges were achieved at this loading rate. Also at this loading rate, bio-methane production from digesting the autoclaved sludge was up to 47% more than that from treating the un-autoclaved sludge.
The company said the experiments were carried out in duplication for each tested sample. Two inoculum control digesters were also run alongside, fed with seed sludge and tap water only. The inoculums were prepared by screening (1mm mesh) out large inert and undigested substrates.
Three batches of sewage sludge cakes were collected and separately autoclaved at a temperature of 160°C for 45 minutes. After autoclaving, the sludge masses were increased 1.3-1.5 times due to the addition of water (from steam condensing). Also after autoclaving, the sludge had a more homogenous slurry-like appearance and was less odorous.
It was concluded that stable digester operation is possible at a loading rate of 5kg VS/m³/day, and under these conditions, an autoclaving pre-treatment for anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge cake could increase bio-energy production and facilitate the easy co-processing of multiple ‘problematic’ streams, such as screenings and scum.
Christian Toll, AeroThermal’s chief executive officer, said: “We are very excited that we have proven that the British designed and built, AeroThermal hydrolysis system, is an efficient way to produce a higher yield of methane gas, through autoclaving of sewage sludge cakes, to potentially be used as a source of green energy and at the same time go some way to solving the waste problem which is so damaging to our environment.”
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