BIM proves vital for pipework at Liverpool WwTW
Almost 400m of very large diameter, fabricated steel and ductile iron pipework has all been completed using Building Information Modelling (BIM) on the £200M project to upgrade United Utilities' (UU) Liverpool Wastewater Treatment Works. The work was carried out by UU AMP5 Process Alliance partner GCA, the Galliford Try, Costain and Atkins joint venture.
BIM had to be used because any onsite cutting was forbidden due to the coating on the fabricated steel pipework. Therefore the installation contractors were anxious that such a large diameter network, often running to hundreds of metres with fixed points, could be laid without major on site modifications.
The project employed BIM throughout, enabling the design and construction team to install the pipework, often ranging from 1,600mm to 2,200mm in diameter, to extremely close tolerances.
GCA senior civil engineer Patrick Wills said: “We couldn’t have achieved the levels of fabrication accuracy without the co-ordinated 3D BIM model. Fabricating steel pipe at very large diameters to the required accuracy is a difficult process, starting out with accurate dimensional data and following it through with a structured checking system lead to project success.”
Utilising the granularity of the 3D BIM model, the design team modelled a conceptual layout, for review. Once pipe materials had been finalised, and both internal and external diameters established, the layout was rationalised and the 3D model revised to include wall thicknesses and joint details, including the gaps at the joints.
Careful consideration was also given to circularity and diameter tolerances, matching different pipe materials and ensuring that couplers fitted perfectly, albeit within a +/- 5mm circular pipe tolerance.
Gregory Hood, GCA senior engineer, commented: “Constructing the large diameter pipework was a collaborative process from start to finish. Using BIM, along with the early involvement of the construction team, enabled us to not only value engineer the scheme, but to also plan for the safe installation of the large sections of pipework and the precise placement of each individual fitting.”
A copy of the federated 3D BIM model was issued to the pipework supply contractor, who was able to interrogate it for exact dimensions, to enable completion of 2D fabrication drawings, which were then returned to the GCA design team for checking. Each individual fitting was then extracted from the model, rotated to horizontal and flattened to check the two versions against each other. Following check completion and sign off, the go ahead was given for fabrication of the fitting.
Working closely with the 3D BIM design team, GCA Site Engineering carefully monitored each invert level and centreline co-ordinates at joint locations. With the design team able to interrogate the model at any point during the construction phase, site supervisors were provided with all the information they required to replicate the model exactly.
- Market Harborough upgrade moves to the next phase A £2 million scheme to upgrade five km of new water pipes in Market Harborough is continuing to progress, as Severn Trent... Read More >
- Wessex Water accepts Ofwat's final determination Wessex Water has become the third company to publicly accept Ofwat's final determination for PR19, but stressed to the... Read More >
- United Utilities asks market for innovative solutions to sludge management United Utilities has issued a Prior Information Notice (PIN) to ask for ideas for sludge collection, transport and... Read More >
- Moving towards maintenance 4.0 Water utilities need to embrace smart asset management technologies but that is only part of the solution, writes Chris... Read More >
- A data-led approach to clearing FOG Water utilities have a major challenge working with local food businesses to prevent fats, oils and grease entering the... Read More >
- The robots aren't coming... they're already here Stantec lead design engineer Dan Causley looks at advances in technology and their role in boosting productivity in the... Read More >
- Opinion: A smarter way to read the water network Smart metering technology could be the key to closing water companies' knowledge gaps about usage in their network -... Read More >
- Smart thinking: The digital asset management revolution With many of the pieces now in place for a digital asset management revolution, AI and machine learning solutions are set... Read More >